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Zhengzhou, capital city of Henan Province, is located at the heartland of central China, the geographical and transportation center connecting ten surrounding provinces. It is an important national transportation hub and communication center as well as a major city in the Eurasian Continental Bridge, through which the national projects such as west-east gas transfer and south-north water transfer pass. Zhengzhou is designated a national open city, historical and cultural city, and clean city. Near the city are important archaeological sites, including remains from Shang Dynasty (1600 BCE to 1046 BCE) as its capital city.


Shaolin Temple is located approximately 85 km southwest of Zhengzhou's downtown area. Established in 520 AD by Indian monk, Tamo, the temple is dedicated to the study of Chan (sometimes called Zen or Ch'an) Buddhism and the mastery of martial arts-the variety of which has inspired the making of more than 170 movies, including a number of Hollywood flops.


The Longmen Grottoes are located 12 km south of present day Luoyang in Henan province. Along with the Mogao Caves and Yungang Grottoes, the Longmen Grottoes are one of the three most famous ancient sculptural sites in China. There are over 2100 niches, more than 100,000 statues, some 40 pagodas and 3600 tablets and steles in the caves of Guyang, Binyang and Lianhua.


Baima Temple is one of the most impressive and truly holy temples in the entire Henan province and is considered by many as being one of the oldest in China.Legend has it that white horses carried the first scriptures from India to this spot in 68AD, hence the name (meaning White Horse Temple) and the prevalence of horse statues about the entire area. At this time, Buddhism in India and Nepal had just reached its peak and this was almost certainly the first time Buddhism had reached China.


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